Oshawa Medical Clinics - The medical term "Respiratory Disease" encompasses a large variety of pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible. Respiratory disease consists of conditions of the bronchi, upper respiratory tract, bronchioles, trachea, pleura, pleural cavity, alveoli in addition to the muscles and nerves responsible for breathing. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting like the common cold for example, to life-threatening conditions such as pulmonary embolism, bacterial pneumonia and lung cancer.
Pulmonology is the study of respiratory disease and a doctor specializing in this field specifically is called a pulmonologist. Different names used for this particular medical practitioner include: a respiratory medicine specialist, a thoracic medicine specialist, a chest medicine expert and a respirologist.
There are lots of classifications utilized for the various respiratory diseases; they can be classed by the organ or tissue involved or can be classed by the pattern and type of connected signs and symptoms, or according to the cause of the disease or etiology.
Inflammatory Lung Disease
Inflammatory Lung Disease is characterized by a high neutrophil count. Some examples comprise: emphysema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
A common cause of acute respiratory disease is an allergic reaction caused by exposure to different foods and agents. There are several really common allergens found in particular foods like lemon, radish, sea foods like for instance some fatty fish and prawns, peanuts, bananas, dairy and ice creams, pomegranates, arrowroot, lemon, berries and lady's finger. Climate could likewise affect several individuals because sandy and dusty weather conditions during summertime can make the quality of air poor for those who are sensitive.
Obstructive Lung Diseases
This grouping of diseases pertain to issues of the airways comprising the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. They become reduced in volume or else that have impeded the free flow of gas, making it more difficult to move air in and out of the lungs.
COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Asthma is an example of COPD. In this obstructive lung disease, the airways become damaged and this causes them to narrow.
Restrictive Lung Diseases or Interstitial Lung Diseases
This is a category of respiratory disease that is characterized by a loss of lung compliance. These lung diseases cause incomplete lung expansion and increased lung stiffness. IRDS or likewise referred to as Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome is an example.
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory infections can affect all parts of the respiratory system. These infections are usually divided into either a lower respiratory tract infection or an upper respiratory tract infection.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
The common cold is the most common kind of upper respiratory infection. Infections of certain organs found within the upper respiratory tract like for instance tonsillitis, pharyngitis, otitis media, sinusitis and laryngitis are also in this category.
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
The most common lower respiratory tract infection is pneumonia. This particular lung infection would normally be a result of Streptococcus in the Western world. Tuberculosis is a large cause of pneumonia across the globe. Various fungi and viruses can cause pneumonia as well, for example acute respiratory syndrome and pneumocystic pneumonia.
Respiratory tumours are either benign or malignant.
Pleural Cavity Diseases
Pleural cavity diseases comprise emphysema and mesothelioma. A pleural effusion is a collection of fluid within the pleural cavity. This can be caused by situations like cirrhosis and congestive heart failure, because the fluid from the bloodstream shifts into the pleural cavity. Diseases here may likewise take place from TB, pleura inflammation, mesothelioma, pulmonary embolism and different conditions.
A hole in the pleura that covers the lung and allows air within the lung to escape into the pleural cavity is known as a pneumothorax. In this instance, the affected lung collapses similar to a balloon which is inflated. A tension pneumothorax is a severe form of this where the air could not escape in the pleural cavity and the pressure eventually gets bigger compressing the heart and blood vessels, resulting in a dangerous life-threatening situation.
Pulmonary Vascular Diseases
Pulmonary Vascular Diseases are certain conditions which affect the pulmonary flow. Instances of these diseases comprise: Pulmonary hemorrhage, Pulmonary arterial hypertension, Pulmonary edema and Pulmonary embolism.
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