Alternative Medicine Oshawa - The blood glucose level means the amount of sugar or glucose existing in the blood. The standard range the body maintains a blood glucose reference range between roughly 3.6 - 5.8 mM and also represented as mmol/L that translates to millimoles/liter. The range could also be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body tightly regulates level of blood glucose.
Glucose is the body's main source of energy for its cells. In addition, blood lipids in the forms of fats and oils are mostly a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the liver or intestines to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose available for cell absorption. Insulin is mostly produced within the body by the pancreas.
The average normal blood glucose level for humans is about 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, that translates to milligrams/decilitre. It is common for blood glucose levels to fluctuate during the day. Normally, glucose levels are lowest during the morning before eating breakfast. The reading is referred to often as "the fasting level." Levels normally increase following meals for a couple of hours. If levels of blood sugar fall outside of the standard range, this could be a sign of a medical condition. When the level is constantly high, it is called hyperglycemia and conversely, low levels are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
The main hallmark of Diabetes mellitus is constant hyperglycemia. This particular illness is the most prominent of all sicknesses related to the failure to regulate blood sugar. Severe stress, trauma, illness, myocardial infarction, stroke or surgical treatment can also result in temporarily high levels of blood sugar. An initial surge in blood sugar can also occur due to alcohol drinking, although afterward it tends to cause levels to decline.
When levels of blood sugar decline very low, hypoglycaemia develops. This is a potentially fatal condition. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia comprise lethargy, impaired mental functioning, twitching, irritability, loss of consciousness, aggressive or paranoid mentality, sweating, and weakness in arm and leg muscles, pale complexion and probably even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain very high. Amongst the long-term health conditions linked with diabetes can happen as a result of long-term hyperglycemia. Health issues may consist of heart disease, nerve damage, and eye and kidney damage.
Low Blood Sugar
To be able to prevent really serious consequences of insufficient glucose, mechanisms which restore adequate levels of glucose post hypoglycaemia need to be effective and quick. If untreated, hypoglycaemia could lead to unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is a lot more dangerous to have too little amounts of glucose in the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
In healthy people, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are typically quite effectual. Generally, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is present just in diabetics making use of insulin or pharmacological treatment. The severity and swiftness of hypoglycaemic episodes can differ greatly between people. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is needed right away due to the fact that damage to tissues and brain damage and possibly even death can be caused by significantly low blood-glucose levels.
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