Best Naturopath Oshawa - The presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood is referred to as hypercholesterolemia. Although it is not a disease, it is considered a metabolic derangement which can be caused by a lot of illnesses, specially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is directly associated to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, that means elevated levels of lipoproteins in the blood and hyperlipidemia which means high levels of lipids in the blood.
Many factors can bring about the rise of cholesterol levels in the blood. Abnormalities in the levels of lipoproteins in the blood, can result in high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Lipoprotiens are the particles that are responsible for carrying cholesterol within the bloodstream. Genetic factors like LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, food intake and illnesses like diabetes or underactive thyroid can all be contributing problems. The kind of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle type is present in excess, like for instance, low-density lipoprotein or LDL.
This condition is normally treated by reducing the dietary cholesterol intake, and the administration of different medications. For particularly severe subtypes, a surgical procedure may be required but this is a rare alternative.
Signs and Symptoms
The presence of yellowish-coloured patches consisting of cholesterol deposits found above the eyelids is called Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common symptom in individuals who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
Hypercholesterolemia is an asymptomatic condition, however the longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol which can result in atherosclerosis. The formation of atheromatous plaques within the arteries can be caused by chronically high serum cholesterol. This can take decades to develop. This particular condition causes the narrowing or progressive stenosis of the involved arteries. In various patients, complete occlusion or blockage could happen. These occluded or stenotic arteries really reduce organ function because of the lack of blood supply to the affected organs and tissues. Eventually, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia could manifest as specific symptoms.
A TIA or also called transient ischemic attack is temporary ischemia of the brain. This condition can manifest as dizziness, aphasia or difficult breathing, momentary vision loss, weakness or paresis and tingling or numbness on one side of the body known as paresthesia. When insufficient blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain can be the effect. If ischemia of the eye takes place, a transient visual loss could happen in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking could be because of inadequate blood supply in the legs and inadequate blood supply in the intestines could present as abdominal pain after eating.
The many kinds of hypercholesterolemia could come about in many ways. There may be white or gray discolorations of the peripheral cornea, called arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material called xanthomata, which could be found on the tendons, especially the finger tendons. Type III hyperlipidema may be connected with xanthomata of the knees, palms and elbows.
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