Epilepsy Oshawa - Epilepsy is an ancient Greek term which literally translates to "seizure." This common neurological disorder is typified by seizures that are usually signs or transient signs of abnormal, excessive or hyper-synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. Epilepsy typically happens in young children or those people who are more than the age of sixty five, however, it could take place at whichever time. Across the world, over fifty million people have epilepsy. About 2 out of every 3 cases are discovered in developing nations. Epileptic seizures could likewise result as a consequence of brain surgery and people recovering from such surgery can experience them.
The condition of epilepsy is usually controlled with medication, although it is not cured in this manner. Even on the best medications, more than 30% of people with epilepsy do not have seizure control. In various situations, surgery could be considered difficult. In various situations, not all epilepsy syndromes are considered lifelong. Several forms are confined to certain phases of childhood.
Epilepsy must not be considered as a single disorder, but instead as a syndrome with variously divergent indications that all involve episodic abnormal electrical activity within the brain. Seizure types are organized initially according to whether the source of the seizure is localized as in focal or partial onset seizures or whether they are more generalized or distributed seizures.
On to the extend in which area of consciousness is affected, partial seizures are further divided. If it is unaffected for instance, then it is considered a simple partial seizure. If not, it is called a complex psychomotor or complex partial seizure. Secondary generalization is the term when a partial seizure could spread within the brain. Generalized seizures comprise loss of consciousness and are divided based on the effect on the body. These include tonic clonic or grand mal, atonic, myoclonic, tonic or clonic or petit mal seizures.
Sometimes kids could exhibit some behaviours which are easily mistaken for epileptic seizures that are not really caused by epilepsy. These behaviours consist of: benign shudders, inattentive staring, self gratification behaviours including nodding and rocking, head banging, conversion disorder, that is flailing and jerking of the head usually in response to intense personal stress as such will incur in a case of physical abuse. Conversion disorder can be distinguished from epilepsy since the episodes do not include self-injury, incontinence or take place during sleep.
Just as there are kinds of seizures, there are numerous various kinds of epilepsy syndromes. The classifications include information regarding the episodes and about the patient, in addition to the seizure kind. It even comprises clinical features and expected causes such as behaviour during the seizure.
There are over forty different types of epilepsy including: Landau-Kleffner syndrome, frontal lobe epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, LennoxGastaut syndrome, infantile spasms, limbic epilepsy, status epileptic, Rett syndrome, abdominal epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy, limbic epilepsy, photosensitive epilepsy, Jacksonian seizure disorder, and Lafora disease, amongst others.
Every type of epilepsy would have its own EEG findings, typical age of onset, unique combination of seizure kind, own kinds of prognosis and treatment. The classification which is most common divides epilepsy syndromes by distribution of seizures and by location. This is determined by how the seizures appear, by EEG and by cause. Syndromes are divided into generalized epilepsies, localization-related epilepsies and epilepsies of unknown localization.
Often localization-related epilepsies are referred to as partial or focal epilepsies. These kinds arise from an epileptic focus, a tiny portion of the brain which serves as the irritant driving the epileptic response. In contrast, generalized epilepsies happen from several independent foci and are called multifocal epilepsies. These can include epileptic circuits that affect the entire brain. At this time it has not been determined whether epilepsies of unknown localization occur from a portion of the brain or from more widespread circuits.
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