Dermatology Oshawa - A rash on the skin is usually defined as a change to the skin in its appearance, texture or color. A skin rash could effect the entire skin or may be localized on one particular area of the body. Rashes could usually cause the skin to itch, become dry, bumpy, blistered, cracked, painful, warm or swollen. Normally, rashes could cause the skin to change color. The causes and treatments for rashes vary considerably depending on the diagnosis. The diagnosis is formed by taking into consideration a variety of elements like for example the rashes' overall appearance, what the person's job is, what the person may have been exposed to, various symptoms and the family history. The diagnosis can in fact confirm whichever number of health problems.
Having a rash appear anywhere on the body could indicate related symptoms and signs that are common of particular diseases. For example, the rash in measles is known as an erythematous, morbilliform, maculopapular rash. This usually presents itself a few days after the fever begins and classically it presents at the head and after that works its way downwards.
The most common causes of a skin rash comprise food allergies, anxieties, medicines, dyes and insect stings and bites. Jewelry made of zincs and nickels have been found to be allergens. Skin contact with an irritant often leads to hives. These raised portions of skin can become red, inflamed, itchy, painful and swollen. Rashes could likewise result from a reaction to vaccination, from a fungal infection such as ringworm, from friction due to chafing of the skin, from heat exposure or sunburn, and from skin diseases like for example eczema or acne.
A skin rash could also become present due to a bacterial or viral infection. For example, the viruses that lead to chickenpox, smallpox, measles and cold sores could be uncomfortable and distinct. There are several uncommon causes of rashes like for instance: Lyme disease, pregnancy, lead poisoning, autoimmune disorders like for example psoriasis and of course repeated and frequent scratching on a particular part.
Since there are lots of potential causes of a rash, the evaluation can be quite difficult. A health provider may have to do a completely thorough history to be able to acquire an accurate evaluation. For example, what is the person's job? Are they taking any type of medication regularly? Has the patient recently traveled to any exotic locations? Usually, a complete physical examination will be useful in order to determine the origin and cause of the rash.
Certain Elements to Include in the Examination Are:
When referring to the appearance of the rash, is it like for example purpuric, which is usual for meningococcal disease and vasculitis, or is it sandpaper and fine as found with scarlet fever? Is the rash consisting of plaques with silver scales that is usually seen with psoriasis? Or does the rash consist of circular lesions with a central depression, that is typical of molluscum contagiosum or small pox?
What is the distribution of the rash? For instance with chicken pox, the vesicles normally follow the hollows of the body; thus, they are most prominent along the depression of the spine on the back as well as in the hollows of both shoulder blades. The rash presented with scarlet fever becomes confluent and forms bright red lines in the skin creases of the armpits, groins and neck. These lines are called Pastia's lines. There are not many rashes which affect the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet, however this could be seen in rikettsia or spotted fever, secondary syphilis, hand, foot and mouth disease as well as guttate psoriasis and even in kertoderma blenorrhagica. The symmetry of the rash is another feature to consider. Like for example, herpes zoster normally just affects one side of the body during an outbreak and does not cross the midline.
It is normally good advice never to scratch a rash, since whatever scratching can cause it to spread. It could be tempting to softly rub the affected part in order to provide temporary relief but it is better to avoid contact with the affected parts completely.
Different skin diseases can show their indications on the body. These symptoms could come in the form of Acne Vulgaris that consists of papules, nodules, comedones and pustules. Usually, this particular condition is found on the face, back and the chest. Acne Rosacea is defined as an area of redness or flushed appearance, typically found on the chin, nose, forehead or cheeks. Boils are a skin condition that could take place anywhere as a red painful bump or a cluster or series of painful red bumps. Cellulitis can be found around a skin breach like for example in a scrape or cut. It presents as a swollen, red and tender area of skin. Insect bites can happen anywhere on the body and are found as itchy and red, normally swollen bumps on the skin.
Allergic reactions could visibly appear as raised, flat or irregular red sores which appear on the skin after ingesting or being exposed to some foods or taking medicine or drugs. Hives could happen anywhere. These are bumps that form all of a sudden and are often initially noticed on the face. Seborrheic Dermatitis is the definition of bumps and swelling which appear near glands. Cradle Cap is a condition on the scalp of newly born babies which looks like dry, scaly skin. Irritant Contact Dermatitis is another condition which becomes a red, oily or scaly or itchy rash. It could be found on the eyebrows, edge of the scalp, nose or where the body is in contact with clothing, perfume or jewelry.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis is the allergic response to trees and bushes, like oak, sumac and poison ivy. On the individual, these could show as red, scally, oily or itchy rash that can be weeping or leathery. Allergic Purpura can occur anywhere on the body and looks like tiny red dots on the skin or even larger, bruise-like spots that appeared after taking medicine. Pityriasis Rosea can initially start with a single scaly, red, somewhat itchy spot. In a few days, there can be large numbers of smaller patches of red or tan rash. This is found on the chest and abdomen area. Dermatitis Herpetiformis is a condition that comprises an intensely itchy rash together with blisters and red bumps, found on the elbows, buttocks, back or knees.
Other common kinds of rashes include: Erythema nodosum, warts, Psoriasis, Chickenpox, Shingles, Fifth Disease, diaper rash, Ringworm, Jock itch, yeast infection, Impetigo, Tinea versicolor, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Scabies, Lupus erythematosus, and a lot more.
There are different treatment options depending on what kind of rash the individual has been diagnosed with. Some rashes are easily fixed with non-steroidal treatments like salves made with sage, aloe vera, tea tree oil or comfrey. Other topical steroid creams like for example hydrocortisone are prescribed. Various medications could be found over the counter and some could be specifically blended from a Naturopathic doctor or Herbalist.
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