Liver Specialist Oshawa - The liver is a very important organ that does various functions within the body consisting of: detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals which are essential for digestion. The liver is required for the survival of the body. Liver dialysis may be utilized temporarily but there is no way to function for long term without a liver.
The liver plays a major role in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, red blood cells decomposition, hormone production and detoxification. It is found in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for bile production. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues which make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules.
The liver is somewhat unique in that it is capable of natural regeneration. With as little as 25%, the liver may make a full regeneration into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth rather than true regeneration. Hence, the lobes of the liver which are removed do not re-grow, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
Because the liver supports practically every organ within the body and is very important to its survival, the liver is prone to various illnesses, especially because of its strategic location and multidimensional functions. Amongst the most common liver diseases consist of: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, tumours and cancer and damage due to heavy use of drugs, specially cancer medications and acetaminophen, likewise known as paracetamol.
Many sicknesses of the liver are accompanied by jaundice as the increased levels of bilirubin in the body would often result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Usually, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Sicknesses that affect liver function would cause derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge capacity to regenerate and also has a huge reserve ability. Normally, the liver just exhibits signs after extensive damage has happened.
The classic symptoms of liver damage includes: dark urine when bilirubin mixes along with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment also comes from bilirubin metabolites which are processes within the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the whites of the eyes or the skin that occurs where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This leads to an intense itching sensation that is the most common patient complaint with people suffering liver failure.
When there is a loss of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, excessive fatigue could take place. When the liver fails to produce albumin, swelling may occur in the feet, abdomen and ankles. Easy bruising and bleeding are other symptoms. Substances that help to prevent bleeding are produced within the liver, hence, when liver damage is present, severe bleeding can result because these substances are not available anymore.
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